EvidenceNOW: Advancing Heart Health in Primary Care is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to accelerate the dissemination and implementation of patient-centered outcomes research findings into primary care. AHRQ has awarded seven implementation grants that use a variety of interventions to help small and medium-sized primary care practices build… Read more »
This review sought to provide evidence for how to best communicate and disseminate evidence, including uncertain evidence to inform health care decisions. A secondary objective was to examine how the effectiveness of communication and dissemination strategies varies across target audiences, namely patients and clinicians. Principal Investigator: Stacey Sheridan, M.D. Funding: AHRQ
The RTI-UNC EPC will produce new and updated systematic reviews for use by the United States Preventive Services Task Force. The Task Force will use the systematic reviews in assessing the available evidence and making recommendations about screening and preventive health services. Principal Investigator: Daniel E. Jonas, MD, MPH Funding: AHRQ Project Period: October 2012… Read more »
Diverse, vulnerable populations, especially Latinos, have low colon cancer screening rates. These groups are disproportionately affected by the many patient, provider, and system-level barriers that inhibit colon cancer screening. Latinos, the nation’s largest and fastest growing racial/ethnic minority group, face additional language and cultural barriers. Reducing disparities in colon cancer screening among vulnerable populations is… Read more »
Understanding how empathy can be developed in medical education is an important component of advancing humanistic medicine. Two recent reviews of changes in empathy among medical students and residents reached disparate conclusions. In a systematic review, Neumann and colleagues (2011) determined that empathy declines during medical training as students engage more with patients. Colliver et… Read more »
Integration of Patient Reported Outcomes Measures Into Pain Management Practices for Patients With Hemophilia
More than 100 million people in the United States suffer from pain each year, at an estimated cost of $600 billion for pain treatments and lost productivity. 1) Deaths due to opioid pain medications are rising at an alarming rate. 2) Patients with hemophilia are particularly afflicted by pain, with more than half of adults… Read more »
UNC personnel at the RTI-UNC Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) will collaborate with investigators at RTI to conduct a systematic review of available literature for evidence that testing of molecular markers of the risk of tumor recurrence,
Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness Research Network: Developing and Evaluating Methods for Record Linkage and Reducing Bias in Patient Registries
To overcome the limitations of single databases, data from sources such as administrative claims can be linked securely and confidentially with data from patient registries. Registry linkage can facilitate exposure and control group identification, improve measurement of risk factors and outcomes, or allow researchers to monitor events without contacting participants directly.
Evidence Synthesis and Translation under Medicaid Modernization Act Section 1013: Area 5 – (1) Care delivery, including management, coordination, and prevention, (2) Behavioral interventions
The RTI-UNC Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) will complete a range of tasks including topic developments, topic refinements, and comparative effectiveness reviews on topics assigned by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Area 5 topics include care delivery, management, and coordination, prevention, and behavioral interventions. Principal Investigator: Daniel E. Jonas, MD, MPH Funding: AHRQ… Read more »
Evidence Synthesis and Translation under Medicaid Modernization Act Section 1013: Area 4 – (1) Dementia (including Alzheimer’s Disease), (2) Depression and other mental health disorders
The RTI-UNC Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) will complete a range of tasks including topic developments, topic refinements, and comparative effectiveness reviews on topics assigned by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Area 4 topics relate to dementia (including Alzheimer’s Disease), depression, and other mental health disorders. Principal Investigator: Daniel E. Jonas, MD, MPH… Read more »
Evidence-based Practice Centers conduct rigorous systematic reviews, synthesize results of systematic reviews and report the findings, advance the methodology of systematic review, collaborate with partners and perform other related EPC activities.
We hypothesize that our intervention, Tweeting to Health, can motivate and create behavioral changes that lead to healthier lifestyles and foster social support to help facilitate these changes through the novel use of Twitter, a social media platform, and FitBit technology
This phase of the study will validate the reconstruction decision quality instruments in women who have been diagnosed with early stage breast cancer.
This is a prospective cohort study of over 1,000 patients in North Carolina who will complete surveys at baseline (pre-treatment) and then prospectively during follow-up.
The investigators at UNC will help to refine the decision support tool during the study and train investigators with regard to presentation and explanation of the instrument.