Medical Practice and Prevention

Doctor taking care of patient in hospital

Collaborating with NC physicians to explore medical practice variations and implications for healthcare outcomes

Our work with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has continued and expanded over the past decade, with continuing investigator-initiated awards but, most prominently, rapid growth in contract work. Initiated in October 1997, AHRQ funded the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to become one of 11 Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs) nationally. In September 2005, AHRQ awarded a second AHRQ master task order contract to provide a variety of services and products to support the development of new scientific knowledge through research on the outcomes of healthcare items and services. Activities performed by the DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions about Effectiveness) Network reflect the general principle that clinicians and patients should have the best available evidence upon which to make choices in health care items and services. Hence, the network rapidly develops scientific evidence and new analytic tools to assist healthcare providers, patients, and policymakers with making informed decisions about the comparative effectiveness, appropriateness, safety, and outcomes of healthcare items and services, particularly prescription medications and medical devices.