EvidenceNOW: Advancing Heart Health in Primary Care is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to accelerate the dissemination and implementation of patient-centered outcomes research findings into primary care. AHRQ has awarded seven implementation grants that use a variety of interventions to help small and medium-sized primary care practices build their capacity to use the ABCS of cardiovascular disease prevention: Aspirin in high-risk individuals, Blood pressure control, Cholesterol management, and Smoking cessation. An eighth grant is evaluating the overall impact of the EvidenceNOW initiative. All of the implementation grants are testing the effectiveness of practice facilitation as a quality improvement strategy to help primary care practices adopt the ABCS. When primary care practices emphasize the ABCS consistently with at-risk patients, people improve their health and live longer.
Cooperative Name: North Carolina Cooperative
Principal Investigator: Samuel Cykert, MD (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (primary site)
- North Carolina Healthcare Quality Alliance
- Community Care of North Carolina, Inc.
- North Carolina Area Health Education Centers Program
Geographic Area: North Carolina
Project Period: 2015-2018
Region and Population: North Carolina’s population of nearly 10 million is racially and ethnically diverse, with 72 percent White, 22 percent African American, and 9 percent Hispanic. The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the State is large, and almost one-third of deaths are caused by CVD (the CVD mortality rate is 263 per 100,000). CVD risk factors are common among the population; 65 percent of adults are obese/overweight, 32 percent are hypertensive, nearly 10 percent are diabetic, 20 percent smoke, and 54 percent do not meet physical activity targets. Only half of patients treated for hypertension currently have their blood pressure under control, and only half of patients aged 40 to 64 with elevated cholesterol have been treated to recommended levels.
Evaluate the effect of primary care practice support on:
- Evidence-based CVD prevention.
- Patient-level health outcomes.
- Implementation of clinical practice and office systems changes to improve evidence-based CVD prevention.
- Practice capacity to implement new patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) findings.
- Goal for Number of Primary Care Practices Recruited:250-300
- Goal for Number of Primary Care Providers Reached:750-900
- Goal for Population Reached:1.1 – 1.4 million
Personal Statement/Comment from Principal Investigator
I’ve cared for many people throughout my career who suffered the debilitating effects of a heart attack or stroke way too early. Because of the lack of sophisticated information systems and processes that could quickly identify risk and prioritize new evidence for care, many of these folks missed opportunities that could have prevented the paralysis, shortness of breath, and death that often resulted from premature disease. Despite solid progress over the last few years, small primary care practices often lack the in-house infrastructure and technical expertise to rapidly apply new evidence and new principles to specific populations at high risk. This problem is especially important in cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in North Carolina. By partnering with these practices to build in the needed supports, we have the potential to prevent thousands of heart attacks, strokes, and deaths within a few short years. This kind of approach is what a learning health system needs to be about and I’m thrilled to work with colleagues in practice across the state to achieve that dynamic in healthcare.
Notable Project Features
- Use of Area Health Education Centers for practice support
- Linkage of small independent practices to an electronic health information exchange infrastructure with centralized analytic and reporting functions
- Emphasis on including practices that serve low-income, rural, and underserved populations
Approach and Methods
- Practice Recruitment and Enrollment: During the first 3 months of the project, the Cooperative will recruit small- and medium-sized practices that are, or have agreed to be, connected to the Community Care of North Carolina (CCNC) Informatics Center. The Informatics Center is a shared statewide service in which providers can share patient health information and access reporting dashboards to support chronic disease and preventive care, including performance tracking to support rapid-cycle quality improvement and identification of care gaps at the patient level. The shared data infrastructure allows researchers to conduct population-wide analyses, create benchmarks, and evaluate the impact of quality improvement interventions. Utilization of the CCNC Informatics platform creates an external reporting mechanism that otherwise would not be available to independent practices particularly in rural and underserved areas. Heart Health Now! will recruit primarily through members’ existing relationships with practices throughout the State.
- Support Strategy:All practices will receive 12 months of intense practice support, including onsite quality improvement facilitation, academic detailing, electronic health record, and health information exchange support. Components of the practice support will include:
o Optimizing the use of the electronic health record to extract clinical quality data on a monthly basis to guide the change process
o Developing patient registries to identify needed care and outliers from the practices’ patient population
o Promoting use of decision support tools and templates to support practice workflow
o Encouraging proactive, team-based care with assigned roles and responsibilities to help providers engage patients throughout the entire visit process
o Implementing evidence-based protocols and clinical algorithms to encourage the use of standing orders and clinical decision support tools in the electronic health record
o Enhancing self-management support for patients within the practice and developing a strong process of referral to external patient support resources
Evaluation: A stepped-wedge, stratified, cluster randomized trial. Each practice will start the trial as a control, receive the intervention at a randomized point in time, and then enter a maintenance period 12 months after starting the intervention.
Strategies for Disseminating Study Findings and Lessons Learned: Community forums, local media outlets, social media, scientific meetings and presentations, and outreach to partners and stakeholders
Last updated date: May 22, 2015
 http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/37000.html. Accessed April 26, 2015.
http://www.americashealthrankings.org/NC/CVDDeaths/2012. Accessed April 25, 2015.
 North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. Health Profile of North Carolinians 2011 Update2014.
Yoon SS, Ostchega Y, Louis T. Recent trends in the prevalence of high blood pressure and its treatment and control, 1999-2008. NCHS Data Brief2010 Oct;48:1-8.PMID: 21050532.